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中国农垦介绍(中英对照)

时间:2021-11-23 作者:李晨萌 来源:经济贸易处 点击次数:22184

中国农垦是在党的第一代领导集体决策和领导下,为承担国家使命,在国家大规模投资开荒建场的基础上逐步发展起来的特殊组织。七十年来,在党中央、国务院的正确领导下,农垦始终坚持以农为本,在昔日的荒原、戈壁、滩涂上,建设了粮食、棉花、天然橡胶等一大批现代化国有农场和重要农产品生产基地,形成了组织化程度高、规模化特征突出、产业体系健全的独特优势,为保障国家粮食安全和重要农产品供给、支援国家建设、维护边疆和谐稳定做出了重大贡献。目前,农垦已发展成为分布在全国31个省份,拥有35个垦区、1828个国有农场、1404万人口、651.66万公顷耕地、5740多个产业化经营组织的社会经济系统。2020年,农垦粮食产量达3562.74万吨,占全国的5.32%,生产总值突破8279.79亿元,人均纯收入达21908元,为推进现代农业建设和乡村振兴发展做出了突出贡献。

近年来,各垦区立足资源禀赋和区位特点,围绕特色优势产业,大力推进规模化、专业化、标准化生产进程,培育了一大批知名企业和农垦品牌。今年拟参展的广东农垦的“燕塘”乳制品、江西农垦的“云居”茶叶、云南农垦的“爱云咖”咖啡、贵州农垦的“瀑布”茶叶、青海农垦的“瀚海绿康”藜麦、安徽农垦的“敬亭绿雪”茶叶、呼伦贝尔农垦的“苍茫谣”芥花油,具有较高的市场认可度和知名度。目前,农垦已基本建立起具有较高水平的农产品质量追溯体系,覆盖全国748家企业,其中全面质量管理143家。截至目前,种植业追溯规模达到3381万亩,养殖业追溯达到8232万头(只),水产追溯规模241万亩,收集存储生产档案记录4800多万条,追溯产品265多万个批次,消费者查询累计180万次,示范带动130家地方企业实现生产过程可追溯。一批农垦企业成为奥运会、世博会、亚运会、全运会、APEC会议、G20峰会等重大活动的特许供给品及指定供应商。农垦已成为安全、优质农产品的代名词。


Under the first-generation leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC for short),a special organization, China State Farm (CSF for short), was established on the base of vast state investment, to undertake the mission of opening up wasteland for cultivation. In the past decades, under the correct leadership of CPC central committee and the state council, the agriculture-oriented CSF has built numbers of modernized state farms and bases of essential agricultural products on the former wasteland, desert and shallows. CSF has its advantages in agriculture, such as high centralization, large scale of production and sound industrial system. Of this superiority, CSF has made great contribution to food security, national construction and frontier stability. So far, CSF has developed to a socio-economic system, with 35 reclamation areas distributed in 31 provinces of China. CSF has broad areas and a large operating system: 1,828 state farms, 14.04 million population, 6.52 million hectares of farmland, and over 5,740 industrialized organizations. By 2020, the grain output of CSF has touched 35.63 million ton, accounting for 5.32% of the nation; its total output value has grossed RMB 828 million yuan; its farmers’ per capita net income reaches RMB 21,908 yuan, which largely promote the development of modern agriculture and rural revitalization.

In recent years, with the promotion of scaled, professionalized and standardized production, the reclamation areas of CSF has cultivated a lot of famous enterprises and brands based on their resource endowment, location environment and advantageous industry. Many of the CSF brands, with relatively high acceptance and popularity, would be exhibited in the 19th China International Agricultural Trade Fair (CATF for short), including Yan Tang milk product of Guangdong State Farm, Yun Ju green tea of Jiangxi State Farm, i Coffee of Yunnan State Farm, Waterfall green tea of Guizhou State Farm, Han Hai Lv Kang quinoa of Qinghai State Farm, Jing Ting Lv Xue green tea of Anhui State farm, Cang Mang Yao mustard oil of Hulunbeier State Farm, etc. CSF has established a high level Agricultural Product Quality Traceability System, covering 748 domestic enterprises, of which 143 enterprises has realized overall quality management. So far, the system has covered 2.25 million hectares of land in crop farming, 82.32 million livestock in animal husbandry and 0.16 million hectares in aquaculture; collected agricultural production record of 5.07 million; traced agricultural product of over 0.2 million batches; and been used by the consumers for 1.8 million times By this system, CSF has served as a model for 130 local enterprises to make their production process traceable. Many CSF enterprises has become the assigned suppliers of major events, such as the Olympic Games, the World Expo, the Asian Games, the National Games, APEC meeting, G20 Summit, etc. Today, CSF has made its name synonymous with safety and high quality.

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